Come Follow Me LDS- Apr 1-14 Part 1, Matthew 16-17, Mark 8-9, Luke 9

‘Leaven, Seder & Keys’

– The Leaven of the Pharisees is Hypocrisy and loss of Christ

– The Seder is the Passover Meal

– The keys of the Melchizedek Priesthood are given to Simon Peter


Raw Transcript


“Thou Art the Christ” Part 1


all right in this episode we’re going to

talk about leaven cedar with a Passover

meal and keys here we go all right so

between moving and traveling we are

putting together a kind of a makeshift

studio here so just so that I didn’t

have just a completely bland wall here

behind me quickly put up my custom Timmy

Patterson surfboard here Timmy made this

for me

several years ago for my build and for

the type of surfing that I like to do

and then a friend of mine a colleague of

mine that worked with me did the design

on this I’ve got some old wax on here

I’ve got to scrape that off and put some

new wax on next time I get out there

with it but at least we’ve got some kind

of color here behind us now in this

episode we’re going to talk mostly about

Matthew sixteen and there’s a few of the

filters or lenses that we’re going to go

through that I like to use so we’re

going to talk a lot about authorship in

this episode with Matthew we’re going to

talk about the higher and lower law of

course which we do in almost every

episode and then thirdly we’re going to

talk about the knee whore principle

which again is the corruption of the

idea of the Messiah that is that Jehovah

will the gut you know God will come down

receive a body lower himself below all

men and women and take on the sins of

the world and take on all of our burdens

and our sicknesses etc or that it’s not

going to happen at all right that there

is no Messiah in a sense of a real

Savior that saves us from

imperfections and that carries our sins

that is the knee whore principle we find

that very acutely here in Matthew 16 so

let’s start reading here just from verse

1 and we can see how Matthew starts to

set up this chapter and as you read

through the scriptures you can see this

with all authors where they have again

these are written a long time after the

events take place and so there’s a

narrative that is put together and

Matthew probably drawing from the same

source of mark comes in and writes

this based on making sure that we

understand certain principles and to do

that he oftentimes will create a

narrative that shows a contrast and in

this case it’s the Pharisees of the

Sadducees on one side with their

doctrine and then Jesus on the other

with the doctrine of Christ so in verse

1 he starts to set this up and he says

the Pharisees also with the Sadducees

came and tempting desired him that he

would show them a sign from heaven okay

so the way that this is set up is that

the Pharisees and the Sadducees want to

invert the process of personal growth

completely that is they want to say

forget about faith take us straight to

the sign straight to the reward straight

to the proof and evidence and then will

believe and so of course that’s

completely contrary to the plan of

salvation because it takes all personal

growth away because our personal growth

is gained by learning to trust on true

principles and the truest principle of

all is the atonement the sacrifice of

the Messiah and so Matthew kind of goes

over that here verse two he answered and

said unto them unto the

Pharisees and Sadducees when it is

evening you say it will be fair weather

for the sky is red they asked for a sign

from heaven so he’s responding talking

about the heavens and in the morning it

will be foul weather today for the sky

is red and lowering and he says o ye

hypocrites this is important and you

hear him say this a lot to the Pharisees

and the Sadducees in mark we include the

Herodians which are another Jewish set

in Jewish sect as well but he says o ye

hypocrites this is well we’ll get to

that in a second you can discern the

face of the sky but can’t you but can

you not discern the sign of the times so

he’s saying that you’re taking faith

away and as he follows through on this

he said he shows how that faith

ultimately ends up in the atoning

sacrifice of the Messiah and so they are

removing that they’re taking all of that

away they have focused only on the lower

law that is just going to eat itself and

disintegrate because it has nothing to

look forward to in the atoning sacrifice

he says a wicked and adulterous

generation this is Jesus speaking

seeketh after a sign all right so again

an adulterous generation would be one

that does not keep its covenants so the

ideal or a great example of covenant

would be marriage and we have the

example oftentimes as we as we have

spoken of previously about Jesus as the

bridegroom and the church or the Jewish

nation in this case here which he is

referring to as who are the covenant

people as the bride and so an adulterous

generation would be one that does not

keep its covenants especially the cut

their covenants to God

and that covenant the Covenant the

atonement is focused on the sacrifice of

Jehovah coming down to earth receiving a

body being born of a woman and taking on

the sins of the world and dying and

being resurrected that’s the whole crux

of the Covenant of that marriage between

us and him and so he says look there’s

not any sign that’s going to be given

but I except for the sign of Jonas well

of course the sign of Jonah or Jonas is

that he’s going that Jesus is going to

die be crucified go through the agony of

taking on the sins of the world be dead

and buried for three days just as Jonah

was in the belly of a fish for three

days and then will rise again and be


so Pharisees and Sadducees you have no

faith and you have no faith on the

atonement because you don’t believe in

it and so the only sign I’m going to

give you is going to be the actual

fulfillment of the Covenant itself on my

end you would say and then remember this

is during the time of Passover and so he

follows up in verse five and he says and

when his disciples were come to the

other side they had forgotten to take

bread a lot of examples of bread then

Jesus said unto them take heed and

beware of the leaven of the Pharisees

and of the Sadducees okay so again this

is during Passover another name for

Passover is the feast of unleavened

bread so he’s using the terminology of

Passover here to teach these lessons now

in Luke chapter 12 verse 1 we learned

that the leaven of the Pharisees and the

Sadducees is hypocrisy and so you

remember that just a few verses before

earlier here in the chapter Matthew says

that Jesus calls the Pharisees and the

Sadducees hypocrites right so that is

their doctrine that they are you think

of leaven in bread what does it do what

does yeast do with bread yet it makes it

rise it makes it puffy right it is

enlarges itself so to speak and so

that’s kind of what he’s saying about

the Pharisees and the Sadducees is that

they’re what they do to make themselves

look better through their acts of all

these little obedient checklists that

control the people are basically

hypocrisy because that is not the law of

Moses that’s not what the law of Moses

was designed for the ma law of Moses was

designed to have faith in what was

coming and to point you toward the

atonement of Jesus Christ so that’s why

they’re hypocrites because they are

taking the law of Moses and they are

puffing themselves up with it so to

speak and they are not looking forward

to the atoning sacrifice of Jesus Christ

of the Messiah so Matthew takes that

point here and he contrasts it with

Jesus here’s how he does this and they

reasoned among themselves to see these

are the disciples saying it is because

we have taken no bread which when Jesus

perceived he said unto them o ye of

little faith why reason ye among

yourselves because he have brought no

bread and then he goes over with him he

talks about what about the five thousand

I just fed why would that be a concern

for you and what about the four thousand

that I just fed and how many baskets did

we have leftover each time this is not a

concern this is not what I’m talking

about in other words stop thinking about

the lower physical law

and think about the higher spiritual law

of representation and symbolism in

principle that I am trying to teach you

so then as Jesus explains the feeding of

the five thousand the four thousand then

understood they that’s the disciples

that he bade them not beware of the

leaven of bread but of the doctrine

listen now this phrases is put down by

Matthew here but of the doctrine of the

Pharisees and of the Sadducees so the

way I see this chapter and looking at

authorship here with Matthew is that he

is contrasting the Pharisees and the

Sadducees who are Christ ‘less with the

doctrine of Christ and so he says look

here is the doctrine of the Pharisees

and the Sadducees that is the leaven

that you need to beware of which is the

hypocrisy because the their hypocrisy

removes the atonement removes the

Messiah and his purpose from the plan of

salvation the core doctrine that Jehovah

has been trying to teach Israel for you

know fifteen hundred years sixteen

hundred years more so then so what

Matthew does here is he confirms this

this contrast between the doctrine of

Christ and the doctrine of the Pharisees

and the Sadducees by following up

immediately in saying as he asks his

disciples whom do men say that I am see

he has just set up what the doctrine of

the Pharisees and the Sadducees is no

faith no looking forward to what would

be the crux of the Covenant which is the

atoning sacrifice and then falls out

that up with saying who do men say that

I am in other words he is the Christ he

is the one who will fulfill the covenant

and they said being the disciples in

response some say that thou art John the

Baptist some Elias and others Jeremias

or one of the prophets so this is

interesting in the Gospels they go over

these three things basically they think

you’re John the Baptist maybe some

people didn’t know that John the Baptist

was beheaded already or maybe that he

was back from the dead or Elias who is

Elijah remember this is the time of

Passover and in the cedar meal the cedar

which is the Passover meal the Jews put

out a chair usually for Elijah and might

open the door at the latter part of the

cedar meal in awaiting Elijah to come in

and I think it’s the fourth cup of wine

that is drank drunk drunken is for

Elijah interestingly enough and we’ll go

over this in a different a different

podcast episode but interestingly enough

in that example of the cedar where

they’re waiting for Elijah to come in

what Elijah is going to do is he is

going to herald the coming of the

Messiah and so here you have a spirit of

Elijah or really the Spirit of Elias

in Greek where Elijah is seen as the

forerunner to the Messiah so we’re going to

get a little bit more clarification in

the second episode this week as we go

over the Mount of Transfiguration where

Elias shows up there we’ll talk about

this a little bit more and the third

option is that he’s one of the

prophets and he saith unto them but whom

say ye that I am and I love this part

that Jesus is putting here in and

Matthew has set up where he’s remember

that after the four thousand people

would that were fed just happened and

he talked to them about how his body was

the bread of life and that they needed

to partake of his body and that his

blood would need to be partake enough as

well and a lot of people couldn’t

understand what he was saying but he

lost a lot of the followers at that

point they had left and here he is

asking his disciples who do you think

that I am you know maybe give me a

little surety here because a number of

people have left the Pharisees and the

Sadducees that are here don’t have the

proper doctrine of Christ so who do you

think that I am so Matthew setting up

that contrast and Matthew then says the

following in Simon Peter answered and

said thou art the Christ so you are the

Messiah the doctrine of Christ this is

about you thou art the Christ the Son of

the Living God

in other words you are Jehovah you are

God and you have come down to receive a

body being born of a woman and you are

going to take on the sins of the world

and be our Savior we go back to the

cedar meal where the Jewish

expectations are where Elijah comes to

herald the Messiah what that really

means for them from what I’ve gathered

from Jewish friends is that they’re

looking for the Messiah that’s going to

return them to the Land of Israel that’s

kind of the primary belief and reign

there in a millennial state perhaps for

a kind of a utopian state of the Jewish

nation in Israel where Jesus here is not

about bringing them to a physical land

of promise but to a spiritual land

promised literally and of eternal

progression so then Jesus says and

answering him blessed art thou Simon

barjona remember that peter’s name is

Simon and it’s Jesus that calls him

Peter so this is Simon barjona which

means Simon son of Jonah

remember bar is means son in Aramaic so

they are likely speaking Aramaic in the

land of Judah which is the language that

they adopted from the Babylonians when

they were taken away into exile at the

time of Lehi around the time of Lehi so

they came back with Aramaic and actually

changed their alphabet to more match the

Aramaic Babylonian alphabet that they

had in squirt off alphabet that they had

in Babylon and he says blessed art thou

Simon barjona for flesh and blood hath

not revealed it unto thee but my father

which is in heaven so first remember

Simon son of Jonah this is kind of in

response to comparison to the verse

before which Peter says to Jesus thou

art the Christ the Son of the Living God

and Jesus responds with Simon son of

Jonah blessed art thou for flesh and

blood hath not revealed it unto thee but

my father which is in heaven and so it’s

the spirit that has revealed it to him

so what he’s saying is he’s not saying

it’s bad that flesh and blood would

testify of him but he’s saying blessed

art thou because you’re getting a higher

law here you’re getting the spirit in

other words you have been told this from

my from our Father in heaven and you’ve

received this through the spirit and

that is a greater truth that is a more

solid truth in terms of knowledge than

anything physical it’s not archaeology

it’s not science it’s not anything

physical it is a spiritual confirmation

that you have received Peter and blessed

art thou for this and it’s not that

those things are bad science

archaeology all of these things are

great but if we rely only on flesh and

blood to guide us in our truth then

we’re only relying on the lower law and

we’re missing out on true inspiration

and true on a greater truth especially

for our testimonies and our faith in in

Jesus Christ that’s got to be guided

primarily through a spiritual knowledge

which is real and the greatest truth

that we can get and then Jesus says

having mentioned that this has been

revealed to Peter by the Spirit through

the hip through Heavenly Father he says

and I say also unto thee that thou art

Peter so now he calls in Peter yet just

called him Simon that thou art Peter and

upon this rock I will build my church

and the gates of Hell shall not prevail

against it so it’s a wordplay right

because Peter again is yeah it means

Rock Peter like petrified something

that’s been turned into and rock upon

this rock I will build my church wall

upon what rock he just talked about

revelation through the spirit now I

think that’s only part of it most

latter-day saints know about this

scripture that it’s not built on Peter

but the rock that is really being talked

it’s just a play on words the rock that

is being talked about is revelation

however I think it goes beyond that

because this is where Jesus is going to

give the authority to Peter to run the

church and give him the keys of the

kingdom and keys of the priesthood to

run this and so again

as I have talked about previously we

might also think about the rock on the

Temple Mount so as we think about the

revelation here given to Peter you might

think about the revelation that you

would receive in the temple where the

Ark of the Covenant in the Temple of

Solomon would have been seated inside a

portion of the rock that was cut out of

the rock that was cut out and here you

have the tablets that were written on

with the hand of God and which is

revelation and it would act for a

while the Ark of the Covenant acted as

the throne of God what they called the

mercy seat with the lid the Kinneret

that was on the top but later acted as

the footstool when the larger throne was

built that was behind the Ark of the

Covenant and upon this rock I will build

my church well that is the core it’s the

Holy of Holies of the Temple of Solomon

because he follows up immediately with

it with revelation as the principle and

then says and I will give unto thee the

keys of the kingdom of heaven well the

Melchizedek Priesthood keys that is for

the fulfillment that the fullness of the

gospel would be centered in the temple

right the Melchizedek priesthood is

centered in the temple

imagine real quick is the diagram and

how the church is organized

we’ll start with awards the wards are an

ironic priesthood organization in a

sense because the bishop is actually a

calling in the Aaronic priesthood right

he the bishop is the president of the

priests quorum an ironic priesthood

office and so that is the temporal side

and he’s in charge of the money he’s in

charge of tithing he’s in charge of

welfare and the temporal needs and of

course he’s also in charge of spiritual

needs through his Melchizedek Priesthood

he holds but the ward is an Aaronic

priesthood organization whereas the

stake is a Melchizedek Priesthood

organization so you have the higher and

the lower laws here why is it called a

stake S T A K E

it’s called a steak because the steaks

are pulled from the tabernacle the tent

at its ends right holding up the temple

so at the center of all of the steaks is

the tabernacle is the temple and at the

center of the temple is the Holy of

Holies where the Ark of the Covenant is

and the throne of God and so here we

talk about Peter and upon this

rock this will be built well when the

temple is built to replicate the

tabernacle the Ark of the Covenant sat

inside of the rock of the Temple Mount

and the rock was a very important thing

in Egypt you had the Ben Ben stone and

the Ben Ben stone was what first rose up

from the flood when the flood started to


then it’s the Ben Ben stone that first

showed up and so that’s a representation

of the footstool usually and of the rock

if you will of the center of a temple

and here this is mentioned in

conjunction with the keys of the kingdom

of heaven which keys well he falls up

here and says and whatsoever thou shalt

bind on earth shall be bound in heaven

that’s the Melchizedek Priesthood and

whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth

shall be loosed in heaven the higher and

the lower laws here this is the

Melchizedek priesthood which holds both

and then he brings this principle up

that I think is very important and it

has to do with what we have discussed


we might call it the Platinum rule

instead of the golden rule this is

another example of that he says then

said Jesus unto his disciples If any man

will come after me let him deny himself

and take up his cross and follow me for

whosoever will save his life shall lose

it and whosoever will lose his life for

my sake shall find it for what is a man

profited if he shall gain the whole

world and lose his own soul or what

shall a man give in exchange for his

soul I think that’s really interesting

again what this brings to that last

phrase there what shall a man give in

exchange for his soul that is a piercing

question to me what would you give up

what would you give for your soul what

would you give up for your soul or what

is the price of your soul you might say

this is something that gets put square

into as we have discussed the spiritual

economy what is the price what is the

exchange that is going to take place for

you to give up your soul which sin which

vice which temptation is worth the trade

so going back up to verse 24 where he

says let him deny himself and take up

his cross and follow me so wait a minute

here why are we taking up a cross he’s

saying if you’re going to give up your

life for me then take up your cross and

follow me

what does that mean is it just something

saying that may have a hard life what is

he saying here I’ve again I think this

is part of the spiritual economy that

sometimes gets lost in teachings in the

church from my experience and that is

is that

as we look at the very different roles

that Christ plays one is that he is our

Savior and he is our God but he is other

things also for example he is our

mediator and we need Him as a mediator

because we need another step between us

and the father and so he is lowering

himself from the status of where his

father is in a sense to become the

mediator between us and our Heavenly

Father so he’s a mediator he would that

would also make him an advocate for us

in the spiritual economy because he

takes on our sins and he’s paid for

those sins but he’s also our brother and

that’s different from being our God in

other words he’s one of us in a sense

right he’s one of us he’s the best of us

but he’s one of us and that makes it I

think more special and more true and the

way it just seems to have to be that

it’s one of us one of Heavenly Father’s

children that becomes the savior of the

world and the mediator but as a brother

in that role in that title I also see

him as an example and so as an example

as we take up our cross in other words

we are to be like him we don’t distance

ourselves from him in the sense that

it’s just worship of him and it’s just

faith in Him but it’s also we are to be

like him so in other words we are

supposed to be saviors and were asked to

be saviors several times in the

scriptures where we are to act as Christ

and what did he do what is the cross

for him well he’s willing to give up his

life for us he’s willing to give up

everything for us but what that means is

as I see it is that he is willing to

take upon him the responsibility for our

eternity for our eternal life he takes

on that responsibility and he does that

by taking on our burdens

that’s what mercy is right remember we

talked about mercy as a payment that’s

to atone for something is to have mercy

for something so when you have mercy for

someone you are giving something to them

it is payment to them because you’re

accepting their burden you’re sharing in

it you’re putting that on your back and

carrying it so as he did that for us

but his cross you know if we’re going to

carry our cross that means that we are

going to be someone who takes on the

responsibility of those around us and

through charity and the pure love of

Christ have mercy for them meaning that

we are willing to take on the

responsibility for the well-being the

spiritual well-being of family of

friends of strangers and carry their

burdens just as we promised we do when

we get baptized when we are doing that

when we get baptized

we are exemplifying or taking on the

example of Jesus Christ who took on our

burdens we need to be just like him I

believe that’s what he is saying there

and that is our part our participatory

part in the spiritual economy that is

give us and it’s the opportunity of the

spiritual economy that we’re given to

become like the safety

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  1. You are right on the money! Simon son of Jonah.

    Look at Professor Thomas Wayment’s book New Testament for Latter day Saints. Matthew 16:18 and footnote 69

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